College of Languages

Courses

Syntax

Course Code C0274 Th 3 Pr 3 CrHrs 6

Teaching syntax is of importance to students ( learners) of English as a second/foreign   language as it contributes to developing all language skills .It also enhances learners’’ communicative skills as it will ultimately  help learners’ develop grammatical competence which is a component of communicative competence . By learning rules of syntax learners will be able to use the language ( i.e.) English correctly, fluently  and accurately  as these rules will teach them how to use word order and construct correct sentences . Learning rules of syntax will also help learners to write accurately.  The three dimensions of syntax ( grammar ) : form meaning and use will help learners develop language competencies.

 

This course has been designed to meet the needs of EFL learners of English as a foreign /second language in syntax taking their level into consideration . It is based on constructivism theory of learning in design. It starts with introducing students with concepts and theories of syntax  . It overviews briefly what students have taken during the last three years of their study in grammar ,then it proceeds to what they have not taken before . It focuses on syntactic elements like concord , phrases , clauses , types of the \English sentences structurally and functionally . It ends up with two important topics in syntax , which are IC Analysis and Phrase Structure  Rule and Tree Diagram .

It is aimed and expected that by the end of the year students will be able to :

1. demonstrate what syntax is syntax with its branches .

2. demonstrate understanding of different syntactic theories.

3. identify the lexical ( word classes) categories and use them correctly

4. to review grammatical forms and structures   use them in speaking and writing and other communicative contexts .

5. demonstrate understanding of different grammatical concepts ( concord , phrases , clauses ,etc. ) ,  that contribute to their    grammar competence ; a component of communicative competence , which ultimately help them develop language competencies .

6. demonstrate understanding and consequently using of a variety of sentence structures and functions.

7.  identify and analyze constituent structure.

6.  demonstrate   understanding of phrase structure rules and Tree diagram.

Distribution of Marks

First Semester

Mid-Year

Second Semester

Final Exam

Final Mark

Theoretical

Practical

Theoretical

Practical

Theoretical

Practical

Theoretical

Practical

100

5

5

20

 

5

5

60

 

References

SN

A course in English Syntax to EFL college  students  compiled by Lazgin Barany ( 2021)

1

Longman Students Grammar of  Spoken and Written English by Douglas Biber et al. ( 2002) 

2

A University Grammar of English by Quirk and Greenbaum  ( 1973)

3

  • Introduction to syntax – Types of grammar/syntax

    Introduction to lexical categories - What determines the lexical category of a word- Grammatical or functional categories

    Nouns in English – General review  and classification- Common and proper nouns- Abstract and concrete nouns - Collective nouns and compound nouns - Countable –uncountable nouns -

    Syntactic functions of nouns - Gender of nouns- The Genitive case

    Determiners – Types and functions

    Pronouns – General review – types- Rules and Syntactic functions of pronouns

    The verb and the verb system in English – Review – Types – Action and Linking verbs

    Finite and nonfinite verbs

    Lexical verbs – Transitive and Intransitive verbs – Dynamic and Stative verbs – Regular and Irregular verbs

    The English verb system – Tense – Aspect -

    Mood and Voice

    Adjective  and adverbs – Review – Adjectives  Formation - Rules for comparison

    Functions of Adjectives

    Adverbs –Functions and forms

    Types of Adverbs

    Concord in English – Types

    Rules of the three types of concord

    English sentence structure – Subject types

    Predicate – types - Types of the English sentences- Structure and Function

    Phrases and Clauses – Phrases- Features and types  of Phrases

    Noun phrases

    Verb phrase  - Adjective Phrases

    Adverb phrases and prepositional phrases

    Clauses – Types of clause – Main and Subordinate clauses ( independent and dependent )

    Noun clause

    Adverb clauses

    Adjective  clauses

    IC Analysis 1

    IC Analysis 2

    Phrase Structure Rules and Tree diagram 1

    Phrase Structure Rules and Tree diagram 2

    General review