General Introduction to the Surveying, science ) Definition , Importance of survey in engineering projects , department of survey, types of survey
Measurement the length ( methods of measurement by step, meter gage , cloth tape ,and steel tape ,ranging rods , pegs, plump v ,units of measurements and , scale ).
Practical (linear measurement (Ex 1).
Measurement of distances (direct and indirect measurement of distance, putting ranging rods at straight line:* in case of fission the last point and non-fission , measurement of distance in case of horizontal land with little dip and in case of inclined land ).
Measurement of angles by tape perpendicular and others. Determination depth of wells, height of buildings, chain surveying.
Level instruments, type of levels, calibration and test of level, application of level instrument.
Definition, objects of preparing contour lines, uses of contour maps, characteristics of contours, methods of contouring.
Practical – contours map and earth work computation.
Computation of area from field notes and from plotted plan
Volume from cross sectional area, from spot level, and from contour lines.
Types of angels, theodolite instrument
Measurement of vertical and horizontal angles,
Principle of the Global Position System (GPS)
Aerial surveying and modern means of surveying
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